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What are the complications of tracheal intubation

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Author : Joe Wong
Update time : 2021-04-20 14:56:58

What are the complications of tracheal intubation

Tracheal intubation is mainly used to rescue critically ill patients and keep the patient’s airway unobstructed. Common complications include that during the intubation process, improper force may cause the patient’s teeth to fall off or damage the mouth, nose, and throat mucosa, causing bleeding . In addition, due to the depth of endotracheal tube, hypoxia and atelectasis on one side may occur. Some patients may induce laryngeal edema and even suffocation during the intubation process. In addition, due to inadequate disinfection during the intubation process, it may also cause complications such as secondary lung infections. At the same time, due to the high pressure of the balloon, some patients can cause tracheal mucosal damage, and even form a tracheal-esophageal fistula, as well as mediastinal infection, which endangers the lives of patients. In addition, after the patient’s tracheal intubation, the cough reflex and swallowing reflex decrease, and the function of voluntary expectoration is poor, which will aggravate the infection. At the same time, long-term indwelling endotracheal tube may lead to tracheal granulation formation and tracheal stenosis.